ࡱ> Z Oh+'0|  , 8 D P\dlt 8Madatov EugeneadaNormal 57Microsoft Word 8.0@&l2@L;y@!@>݇Microsoft Office0%sE@@ ՜.+,D՜.+,D hp|  EU!E٦   (RZ _PID_GUID _PID_HLINKSAN{15AFFB4C-618C-11D8-ABB1-F3B3D6BA1E7F}A`8=8AB5@AB2> >1@07>20=8O $ 8653>@>4A:89 3>AC40@AB25==K9 C=825@A8B5B 8<. .. >10G52A:>3> $0:C;LB5B 2KG8A;8B5;L=>9 <0B5<0B8:8 8 :815@=5B8:8 @>5:B "- @>F5AA B5AB8@>20=8O ?@>3@0<<=>3> ?@>4C:B0 K?>;=8;8: (810520 .. ;L8G520 .. !<8@=>20 . @>25@8;: 0@?5=:> !.. 86=89 >23>@>4 2004 !>45@60=85  TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607788" 2545=85  PAGEREF _Toc64607788 \h 3  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607789" 1I85 ?>=OB8O  PAGEREF _Toc64607789 \h 3  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607790" A=>2=K5 >?@545;5=8O  PAGEREF _Toc64607790 \h 4  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607791" $C=:F88 2 B5AB8@>20=88  PAGEREF _Toc64607791 \h 5  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607792" $8;>A>D8O B5AB8@>20=8O  PAGEREF _Toc64607792 \h 6  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607793" =B53@0F8O <>4C;59  PAGEREF _Toc64607793 \h 8  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607794" 1. >AE>4OI55 B5AB8@>20=85  PAGEREF _Toc64607794 \h 8  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607795" 2. 8AE>4OI55 B5AB8@>20=85  PAGEREF _Toc64607795 \h 9  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607796" 3. >48D8F8@>20==K9 =8AE>4OI89 <5B>4  PAGEREF _Toc64607796 \h 10  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607797" 4. 5B>4 1>;LH>3> A:0G:0  PAGEREF _Toc64607797 \h 11  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607798" 5. 5B>4 !0=428G0  PAGEREF _Toc64607798 \h 11  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607799" 6. >48D8F8@>20==K9 <5B>4 !0=428G0  PAGEREF _Toc64607799 \h 12  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607800" !@02=8B5;L=0O E0@0:B5@8AB8:0 <5B>4>2 B5AB8@>20=8O  PAGEREF _Toc64607800 \h 12  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607801"  53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85  PAGEREF _Toc64607801 \h 14  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607802" 84K B5AB>2 @53@5AA88  PAGEREF _Toc64607802 \h 14  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc64607803" >340 8 :0: ?@>2>48BL @53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85  PAGEREF _Toc64607803 \h 16  2545=85 1I85 ?>=OB8O =>385 >@30=870F88, 70=8<0NI85AO A>740=85< ?@>3@0<<=>3> >15A?5G5=8O, 4> 50% A@54AB2, 2K45;5==KE =0 @07@01>B:C ?@>3@0<<, B@0BOB =0 B5AB8@>20=85, GB> A>AB02;O5B <8;;80@4K 4>;;0@>2 ?> 2A5<C <8@C 2 F5;><.  2A5 65, =5A<>B@O =0 3@><04=K5 :0?8B0;>2;>65=8O, 7=0=89 > ACB8 B5AB8@>20=8O O2=> =5 E20B05B 8 1>;LH8=AB2> ?@>3@0<<=KE ?@>4C:B>2 =5?@85<;5<> =5=0456=> 4065 ?>A;5 >A=>20B5;L=>3> B5AB8@>20=8O.  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"5AB8@>20=85 (testing), :0: <K C65 2KOA=8;8,  ?@>F5AA 2K?>;=5=8O ?@>3@0<<K (8;8 G0AB8 ?@>3@0<<K) A =0<5@5=85< (8;8 F5;LN) =09B8 >H81:8. >:070B5;LAB2> (proof)  ?>?KB:0 =09B8 >H81:8 2 ?@>3@0<<5 157>B=>A8B5;L=> : 2=5H=59 4;O ?@>3@0<<K A@545. >;LH8=AB2> <5B>4>2 4>:070B5;LAB20 ?@54?>;0305B D>@<C;8@>2:C CB25@645=89 > ?>2545=88 ?@>3@0<<K, 8 70B5< 2K2>4, 8 4>:070B5;LAB2> <0B5<0B8G5A:8E B5>@5< > ?@028;L=>AB8 ?@>3@0<<K. >:070B5;LAB20 <>3CB @0AA<0B@820BLAO :0: D>@<0 B5AB8@>20=8O, E>BO >=8 8 =5 ?@54?>;030NB ?@O<>3> 2K?>;=5=8O ?@>3@0<<K. =>385 8AA;54>20B5;8 AG8B0NB 4>:070B5;LAB2> 0;LB5@=0B82>9 B5AB8@>20=8N  273;O4 2> <=>3>< >H81>G=K9. >=B@>;L (verification)  ?>?KB:0 =09B8 >H81:8, 2K?>;=OO ?@>3@0<<C 2 B5AB>2>9, 8;8 <>45;8@C5<>9, A@545. A?KB0=85 (validation)  ?>?KB:0 =09B8 >H81:8, 2K?>;=OO ?@>3@0<<C 2 7040==>9 @50;L=>9 A@545. BB5AB0F8O (certification)  02B>@8B5B=>5 ?>4B25@645=85 ?@028;L=>AB8 ?@>3@0<<K, 0=0;>38G=>5 0BB5AB0F88 M;5:B@>B5E=8G5A:>3> >1>@C4>20=8O Underwriters Laboratories. @8 B5AB8@>20=88 A F5;LN 0BB5AB0F88 2K?>;=O5BAO A@02=5=85 A =5:>B>@K< 70@0=55 >?@545;5==K< AB0=40@B><. B;04:0 (debugging) =5 O2;O5BAO @07=>284=>ABLN B5AB8@>20=8O. %>BO A;>20 >B;04:0 8 B5AB8@>20=85 G0AB> 8A?>;L7CNBAO :0: A8=>=8<K, ?>4 =8<8 ?>4@07C<520NBAO @07=K5 284K 45OB5;L=>AB8. "5AB8@>20=85  45OB5;L=>ABL, =0?@02;5==0O =0 >1=0@C65=85 >H81>:; >B;04:0 =0?@02;5=0 =0 CAB0=>2;5=85 B>G=>9 ?@8@>4K 8725AB=>9 >H81:8, 0 70B5<  =0 8A?@02;5=85 MB>9 >H81:8. -B8 420 2840 45OB5;L=>AB8 A2O70=K  @57C;LB0BK B5AB8@>20=8O O2;ONBAO 8AE>4=K<8 40==K<8 4;O >B;04:8. "5AB8@>20=85 <>4C;O, 8;8 02B>=><=>5 B5AB8@>20=85 (module testing, unit testing)  :>=B@>;L >B45;L=>3> ?@>3@0<<=>3> <>4C;O, >1KG=> 2 87>;8@>20==>9 A@545 (B. 5. 87>;8@>20==> >B 2A5E >AB0;L=KE <>4C;59). "5AB8@>20=85 <>4C;O 8=>340 2:;NG05B B0:65 <0B5<0B8G5A:>5 4>:070B5;LAB2>. "5AB8@>20=85 A>?@O65=88 (integration testing)  :>=B@>;L A>?@O65=88 <564C G0ABO<8 A8AB5<K (<>4C;O<8, :><?>=5=B0<8, ?>4A8AB5<0<8). "5AB8@>20=85 2=5H=8E DC=:F89 (external function testing)  :>=B@>;L 2=5H=53> ?>2545=8O A8AB5<K, >?@545;5==>3> 2=5H=8<8 A?5F8D8:0F8O<8. ><?;5:A=>5 B5AB8@>20=85 (system testing)  :>=B@>;L 8/8;8 8A?KB0=85 A8AB5<K ?> >B=>H5=8N : 8AE>4=K< F5;O<. ><?;5:A=>5 B5AB8@>20=85 O2;O5BAO ?@>F5AA>< :>=B@>;O, 5A;8 >=> 2K?>;=O5BAO 2 <>45;8@C5<>9 A@545, 8 ?@>F5AA>< 8A?KB0=8O, 5A;8 2K?>;=O5BAO 2 A@545 @50;L=>9, 687=5==>9. "5AB8@>20=85 ?@85<;5<>AB8 (acceptance testing)  ?@>25@:0 A>>B25BAB28O ?@>3@0<<K B@51>20=8O< ?>;L7>20B5;O. 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'0AB> MB0 3@C??0 B5AB>2 ?@>2>48BAO =5 2 ?>;=>< >1J5<5 8;8 =5 ?@>2>48BAO 2>>1I5. >4 @53@5AA8>==K< B5AB8@>20=85< ?>=8<0NB B5 284K B5AB>2, :>B>@K5 ?@>2>4OBAO A :064>9 =>2>9 25@A859 ?@>3@0<<K. =K<8 A;>20<8, B5ABK @53@5AA88 - MB> A2>53> @>40 "AB0@K5 ?5A=8 > 3;02=><". &5;L ?@>2545=8O MB8E B5AB>2 ?@>AB0 - C1548BLAO, GB> =>20O 25@A8O ?@>3@0<<K =5 A>45@68B >H81>: 2 C65 ?@>B5AB8@>20==KE CG0AB:0E :>40. > 40==K< 70@C156=KE 02B>@>2 :>;8G5AB2> >H81>:, 2>7=8:0NI8E 2 ?@>F5AA5 87<5=5=8O :>40 (8A?@02;5=8O 103>2, 2=54@5=8O =>2>9 DC=:F8>=0;L=>AB8 8 B.?.) :>;51;5BAO >B 50% 4> 80%. KO28BL MB8 >H81:8 8 ?><>30NB B5ABK @53@5AA88. "0:8< >1@07><, @53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85 - ?>=OB85 :><?;5:A=>5. 84K B5AB>2 @53@5AA88 1.5@8D8:0F8>==K5 B5ABK (Verification Test). 1.1."5ABK 25@8D8:0F8O 103>2 (Bug Verification Test). @54AB02;ONB A>1>9 B5ABK ?@>25@:8 8A?@02;5=8O 103>2. @82545< ?@8<5@. >?CAB8<, GB> B5AB A =><5@>< 3 2KO28; 103, GB> 1K;> 70D8:A@>20=> 8 ?5@540=> @07@01>BG8:C 4;O 8A?@02;5=8O. 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B5ABK 25@8D8:0F88 25@A88 ?@54AB02;ONB A>1>9 :@0B:89 =01>@ >A=>2=KE B5AB>2 DC=:F8>=0;L=>AB8. 2.!>1AB25==> "5ABK 53@5AA88 (8;8 Regression Test Pass). >4 MB8< ?>=OB85< >1J548=ONB B5 B5ABK, :>B>@K5 C65 ?@>2>48;8AL A ?@54K4CI8<8 25@A8O<8 ?@>3@0<<K, ?@8B>< CA?5H=>, B.5. =5 2KO28;8 103>2 8 1K;8 >B<5G5=K (=0?@8<5@, 2 TCM) :0: pass (passed). 5>1E>48<>ABL ?@>2545=8O B0:8E B5AB>2 >G5284=0. @82545< ?@8<5@. >?CAB8<, GB> @0=55 ?@>2545==K9 B5AB ! 2, :>B>@K9 >15A?5G820; ?@>25@:C 2 ?@>3@0<<5 CG0AB:0 :>40 (=07>25< 53> CA;>2=> :>4><-) =5 2KO28; >H81>: 2 ?@>3@0<<5, 8 1K; >B<5G5= :0: pass.  E>45 @07@01>B:8 2>7=8:;0 =5>1E>48<>ABL 87<5=8BL CG0AB>: :>40- (=0?@8<5@, ?@8 8A?@02;5=88 :0:>3> ;81> 8=>3> 1030 8;8 65 ?@840=8O ?@>3@0<<5 =>2>9 DC=:F8>=0;L=>AB8).  @57C;LB0B5 MB>B CG0AB>: :>40 B@51C5B 4>?>;=8B5;L=>9 ?@>25@:8, GB> 8 1C45B A45;0=> ?@8 ?>2B>@=>< ?@>2545=88 B5AB0 ! 2. !@548 !>1AB25==> "5AB>2 53@5AA88 <>6=> 2K45;8BL 425 3@C??K. 5@20O - B5ABK, 2E>4OI85 2 =01>@ (B.=. Regression Test Pass with Regression Test Suit), 4@C385 - B5ABK =5 2E>4OI85 2 =01>@ (B.=. Regression Test Pass without Regression Test Suit). !CI5AB25==K5 >B;8G8O <564C =8<8 2 A;54CNI5<: ?5@2K5 - 2=>AOBAO 2 107C 8 >?8AK20NBAO, 4;O =8E <>3CB 8 4>;6=K 1KBL A>740=K A:@8?BK, :>B>@K5 ?>72>;ONB 02B><0B878@>20BL ?@>F5AA B5AB8@>20=8O; 2B>@K5 - ACI5AB2CNB B>;L:> "2 3>;>25" B5AB8@>2I8:0 8 ?@>2>4OBAO 2 @CG=CN, ?@8G8= MB>3> <>65B 1KBL <=>3> - >B <0;KE A@>:>2 B5AB8@>20=8O, 4> >BACBAB28O =5>1E>48<>3> , 4;O 02B><0B870F88 ?@>F5AA0. 3."5ABK @53@5AA88 =0 "70:@KBKE" 1030E. 0AA<>B@8< ?@8<5@. >?CAB8<, GB> B5AB ! 3, 2KO282H89 103, ?>A;5 8A?@02;5=8O MB>3> 1030 @07@01>BG8:>< 1K; ?@>2545= ?>2B>@=>, ?@8 B>< CA?5H=>. "5AB 1K; >B<5G5= :0: pass, 0 103 - :0: Verified. "0:>9 103 >B:;04K205BAO "=0 ?>;>G:C", "45;>" 70:@KB>. "0:>9 103 8 1C45B "70:@KBK<". >?CAB8< B5?5@L, GB> 2 E>45 @07@01>B:8, CG0AB>: :>40, 345 1K; 8A?@02;5= MB>B 103 1K; 87<5=5=, 8;8 A<5=8;AO @07@01>BG8:, :>B>@K9 A;CG09=> C40;8; "=0H;5?:C" 2 :>45 8A?@02;O2HCN MB>B 3;N: 8 ?>:0702HCNAO 5<C ;8H=59 8 B.?.  MB>< A;CG05 103 ?@>O28BAO A=>20. 'B> 1K =5 4>?CAB8BL ?>4>1=>3> 15B0-B5AB5@C 2@5<O >B 2@5<5=8 =5>1E>48<> ?@>2>48BL B5ABK, 2KO2;O2H85 @0=55 1038 2 87<5=5==>< CG0AB:5 :>40, 8A?@02;5=85 :>B>@KE C65 1K;> ?@>25@5=> @0=55 8 70D8:A8@>20=> 2 1075. -B> 8 5ABL "5ABK @53@5AA88 =0 "70:@KBKE" 1030E. >340 8 :0: ?@>2>48BL @53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85 0 2>?@>A :>340 8 :0: ?@>2>48BL @53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85, 8 :0:85 B5ABK AB028BL 2 ?5@2CN >G5@54L >B25B8BL =5 ?@>AB>. A5 >?@545;O5BAO 284>< @07@010BK205<>3> , ?@>4>;68B5;L=>ABLN 687=5==>3> F8:;0, A@>:0<8 B5AB8@>20=8O, :>;8G5AB2>< G;5=>2 :><0=4K. 0;55 >?8A0=K ;8HL >1I85 ?>;>65=8O: 53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85 ?@>2>48BAO 2 :064>9 =>2>9 25@A88. 0G8=0NB @53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85 A "5AB>2 25@8D8:0F88 25@A88. A;8 ?@>3@0<<0 ?@8E>48B >B @07@01>BG8:0 2 2845 ?>;=>F5==>9 8=AB0;;OF88, B> "5ABK 25@8D8:0F88 =0G8=0NBAO A ?@>25@:8 8=AB0;;OF88, ?>A;5 G53> ?@>2>48BAO :@0B:89 =01>@ B5AB>2 DC=:F8>=0;L=>AB8. A;8 E>BO 1K >48= 87 B5AB>2 failed, 25@A8O ?5@5405BAO =0 4>@01>B:C, @53@5AA8>==>5 B5AB8@>20=85 ?@5:@0I05BAO, 0 B5AB5@ 2>72@0I05BAO : B5AB8@>20=8N ?>A;54=59 "@01>G59" 25@A88. >A;5 CA?5H=>3> ?@>E>645=8O B5AB>2 25@8D8:0F88 25@A88, ?@>2>4OB A5@8N "5AB>2 25@8D8:0F88 103>2. 7 !>1AB25==> B5AB>2 @53@5AA88 ?@>2>4OB ;8HL B5, :>B>@K5 A>?@O65=K A 87<5=5==K< 2 =>2>9 25@A88 CG0AB:>< :>40. =0;>38G=K< >1@07>< (A<. ?C=:B 4) >B18@0NBAO B5ABK 2 3@C??C @53@5AA88 =0 "70:@KBKE" 1030E. "5ABK @53@5AA88, 2K?>;=5==K5 CA?5H=> (pass) 42064K AG8B0NBAO "70:@KBK<8". 0;L=59H55 8E 8A?>;L7>20=85 ?@>872>48BAO, B0: :0: >?8A0=> 2 ?C=:B5 4. ;O B5AB>2 @53@5AA88, :>B>@K5 ?@54?>;0305BAO ?@>2>48BL 1>;55 3-5 @07 @5:><5=4C5BAO ?8A0BL A:@8?BK 4;O 02B><0B870F88 ?@>F5AA0. -B> >B=>A8BAO :> 2A5< 3@C??0< B5AB>2 @53@5AA88. B1>@ B5AB>2 4;O $8=0;L=>3> @53@5AA8>==>3> B5AB8@>20=8O >ACI5AB2;O5BAO ?> A;54CNI8< ?@8=F8?0<:  ?5@2CN >G5@54L >B18@0NB B5ABK 701@0:>20==K5 (failed) 420 8 1>;55 @07.  B>< G8A;5 8 B5, :>B>@K5 2KO2;O;8 1038, B@51CNI85 4>@01>B:8 (re-do). > 2B>@CN >G5@54L >B18@0NBAO B5ABK, 701@0:>20==K5 >48= @07, 8 CA?5H=> ?@>945==K5 ?>2B>@=>. 0;55 >B18@0NBAO 2A5 B5ABK, :>B>@K5 1K;8 ?@>945=K CA?5H=> (pass), => ?@>2>48;8AL B>;L:> >48= @07. 0B5< ?@>2>4OBAO 2A5 >AB0;L=K5 B5ABK, 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B ?>AB02;5==>9 7040G8. PAGE  PAGE 14 <"&@F@|DFHJ246hjlnprtvx־ֲ־ۣ־֗־ۈj>*B*CJUmHjqCJUmHj>*B*CJUmHj{CJUmHjCJUmHj>*B*CJUmHCJmH 0JCJmHj0JCJUmH jCJU CJ OJQJ5CJ5<"$&@BDF@R$$[$$@& d$<"$&@BDF@Rt }h$+;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIZy/t z  F'  F' $       " X Z \ ^   8 : < n p r t v x z | ~  j>*B*CJUmHjSCJUmHj>*B*CJUmHj]CJUmHj>*B*CJUmHj0JCJUmHjgCJUmHjCJUmHCJmH 0JCJmH4 z X z`|yvspm0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKMrI\e)      " $ Z \ ^ `     J L N   ɶŭšŭɒŭņŭwj5>*B*CJUj55CJUj5>*B*CJUj?5CJUj5CJUj5>*B*CJU5CJ 0J5CJj0J5CJUj0JCJUmHCJmHjCJUmHjICJUmH. 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